Crime Statistics from the NPD
Over the past five years, the City of Novato has enjoyed a historically low crime rate. Between 2011 and 2014, the city enjoyed the lowest crime rate in 20 years. This was due in part to our proactive policing methods and our strong partnership with our community members and city staff. Between 2007 and 2014, the crime rate decreased each year per 1,000 residents. In 2015, the crime rate increased 4.3%, which was consistent with national trends.
There were several crime trends identified between 2011 and 2016. One major contributing factor in the increase of crime in most California cities was the passage of Proposition 47 by voters on November 4, 2014. Proposition 47 statutorily changed many property crimes from felonies to misdemeanors. In addition, Proposition 47 requires misdemeanor sentencing for crimes such as petty theft, receiving stolen property and forging/writing bad checks when the amount involved was $950 or less. It also eliminated the possibility of charging a felony for repeat offenses including petty theft with priors and some drug offenses. Finally, it limited a prosecutor’s latitude in charging a felony instead of multiple misdemeanors for the same crime, which previously created stricter sentences and helped keep offenders off the streets.
As a result, in 2015 crime increased 5.1 crimes per one thousand residents. This represented a 31% overall increase from 2014. The crimes that mainly contributed to this increase were Sexual Assault, Residential Burglary, Grand Theft, Petty Theft and Auto Burglary.
Although the crime rate was at a 20-year low in 2014, we anticipated that crime would increase due to Proposition 47. Through focused efforts in 2016 the crime rated deceased by 1% from 2015 as shown below.
| The crimes that make up this crime rate are:
• Aggravated Assault
• Burglary Commercial
• Burglary Residential
• Burglary Auto
• Stolen Vehicle
• Grand Theft
• Petty Theft
|Crimes contributing to this trend are Thefts and Auto Burglary as above.|
Note the red line indicating the adoption of Proposition 47 on 11/05/2014.
Other trends have been identified over this 5 year period demonstrating effective policing and community involvement. These trends include a marked increase in calls for police services and an ongoing effort to limit drinking while driving and automobile collisions.
The Novato Police Department has been working in conjunction with the other law enforcement agencies in Marin County to identify crime trends and to target affected areas. We continue to monitor our crime trends closely and we are committed to partnership with our community to keep Novato safe.